Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men (after skin cancer). The prostate is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably.
Prostate cancer is typically diagnosed by a digital rectal examination and/or by early testing of the amount of Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) in the blood. If your PSA or digital rectal exam is abnormal, your physician may recommend additional tests to find or diagnose prostate cancer, including trans-rectal ultrasound and a biopsy.
Our prostate cancer specialists will work with you to determine the course of treatment, which could include surgery, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy or a combination of these treatments. Treatment depends on your age, the stage of your cancer, your physical condition and the aggressiveness of the disease.
In older men with slow-growing prostate cancer, one option is “watchful waiting.” This involves closely monitoring your prostate cancer by performing PSA and Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) tests regularly and treating the prostate cancer only if and when it causes symptoms or shows signs of growing.
Learn more about our programs and the social workers, nutritionists and others who are available during and after your treatment to support you and your family.
Age, race and family history play a role as risk factors for developing prostate cancer.
- The risk of prostate cancer increases with age, especially after age 50. More than 80% of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older.
- Black men have a higher risk of prostate cancer than white men. They are also more likely to develop prostate cancer at an earlier age and to have aggressive tumors that grow quickly.
- Family history also plays a role. If a man has a father, brother, or son with prostate cancer, his risk of developing prostate cancer is 2 to 3 times higher than the average risk. This risk increases with the number of relatives diagnosed with prostate cancer.
You may be able to lower your risk by eating healthier. It is suggested that you:
- Limit high-fat foods
- Cut back on red meats, especially processed meats such as hot dogs, bologna, and certain lunch meats
- Eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day